Learn more about the area and the people in this area.
Web site for the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
Web de Anza provides students and scholars with primary source documents and multimedia resources covering Juan Bautista de Anza’s two overland expeditions from the Sonoran desert to northern California, leading to the colonization of San Francisco in 1776.
Follow the Anza Trail from beginning to end, county by county, with lots of maps, images, sounds, and things to see and do along the route.
Visit the Pima County, Ariz. web site, which has a fine section on the Anza Trail within its boundaries.
Alta California (English: Upper California) was a province and territory in the Viceroyalty of New Spain and later a territory and department in independent Mexico. (Wikipedia)
The national monument consists of the ruins of multiple structures surrounded by a compound wall constructed by the ancient people of the Hohokam period, who farmed the Gila Valley in the early 13th century. (Wikipedia)
Carpinteria is a small oceanside city located in southeastern Santa Barbara County, California, east of Santa Barbara and northwest of Ventura. (Wikipedia)
The Chumash are a Native American people who historically inhabited the central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south. (Wikipedia)
The Colorado River is the principal river of the Southwestern United States and northwest Mexico. The 1,450-mile (2,330 km) river drains an expansive, arid watershed that encompasses parts of seven U.S. and two Mexican states. (Wikipedia)
El Camino Real (Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King’s Highway) and sometimes associated with Calle Real usually refers to the historic 600-mile (966-kilometer) California Mission Trail, connecting the former Alta California’s 21 missions (along with a number of sub-missions), 4 presidios, and 3 pueblos, stretching from Mission San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego in the south to Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma in the north. (Wikipedia)
The Gila River is a 649-mile (1,044 km) tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States. (Wikipedia)
Hohokam is one of the four major prehistoric archaeological Oasisamerica traditions of what is now the American Southwest. (Wikipedia)
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles, often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in the U.S. state of California and the second-most populous in the United States. (Wikipedia)
The Spanish missions in California comprise a series of 21 religious and military outposts; established by Catholic priests of the Franciscan order between 1769 and 1833, to spread Christianity among the local Native Americans. (Wikipedia)
Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá was the first Franciscan mission in the Las Californias Province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. (Wikipedia)
The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel is a fully functioning Roman Catholic mission and a historic landmark in San Gabriel, California. (Wikipedia)
Mission San Xavier del Bac is a historic Spanish Catholic mission located about 10 miles (16 km) south of downtown Tucson, Arizona, on the Tohono O’odham San Xavier Indian Reservation. (Wikipedia)
The City of Monterey in Monterey County is located on the southern edge of Monterey Bay, on Central California’s Pacific coast. (Wikipedia)
The Kingdom of New Spain came into existence in 1522, the year following 1521’s Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire; the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España), was created as the Royal administration of New Spain. (Wikipedia)
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth’s oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. (Wikipedia)
A presidio is a fortified base established by the Spanish in areas under their control or expansion like present Italy, Greece, North Africa and North America between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. (Wikipedia)
The Presidio of Monterey, located in Monterey, California, is an active US Army installation with historic ties to the Spanish colonial era. Currently it is the home of the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLI-FLC). Also this is the last and only Presidio in California to have an active military installation. (Wikipedia)
The Presidio of San Francisco (originally, El Presidio Real de San Francisco or The Royal Fortress of Saint Francis) is a park and former military base on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in San Francisco, California, and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. (Wikipedia)
San Diego is a major city in California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately 120 miles (190 km) south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico. (Wikipedia)
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural center and a leading financial hub of the San Francisco Bay Area and Northern California. (Wikipedia)
San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary that drains water from approximately forty percent of California. Water from the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, and from the Sierra Nevada mountains passes through the Bay to the Pacific Ocean. (Wikipedia)
San Jose is the third-largest city in California, the tenth-largest in the United States, and the county seat of Santa Clara County. (Wikipedia)
Sonora, officially Free and Sovereign State of Sonora (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora), is one of 31 states that, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 federal entities of Mexico. (Wikipedia)
The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California, and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California and Baja California Sur. (Wikipedia)
Tubac is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Cruz County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,191 at the 2010 census. (Wikipedia) You can also visit Tubac Through Four Centuries
The Fort Yuma Indian Reservation is a part of the Quechan’s traditional lands. Established in 1884, the reservation, has a land area of 178.197 km2 (68.802 sq mi) in southeastern Imperial County, California, and western Yuma County, Arizona, near the city of Yuma, Arizona. (Wikipedia)